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Name   Nicaragua Apartment Building
Architects   BOFILL, RICARDO
Date   1964
Address   Barcelona, Spain
Floor Plan   2300 SQ.M.

This eight-storey apartment building is located on a small corner site of Nicaragua Street, in a typical Barcelona neighborhood. The characteristics of the site (corner location, party walls on two sides, north orientation) have determined in large part the resulting form.

The program consists of shops and offices (on the ground and first floors), and apartments (from the second to the eighth floor). The apartment units are on the average 75 sqm in the area. The penthouse apartment is 150 sqm with a custom-made program; conceived on three levels, it includes a landscape terrace and a swimming pool on the top floor.

A generously sized open patio was designed to provide light and cross-ventilation to the bedrooms and staircase. The façade is closed to the north, opening instead to the east and west.  This design choice does not only avoid an unfavorable orientation, but also presents a façade to the building on the opposite corner, achieving in this way vistas to both side streets. A considerable amount of light is thereby focused into the interiors.

The project represents a time when the opportunities for industrialized construction in Spain were extremely scarce. Yet it achieved various goals, such as the annihilation of the classically composed facades, the elaboration of adequate spaces, and a certain purely aesthetic research offering endless formal possibilities that produced excellent results in terms of both the façade design, with the use of local materials such as brick and iron-work, and of the apartment interiors. The building received the FAD Architecture Award in 1964.

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