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Name   HOUARI BOUMEDIENNE AGRICULTURAL VILLAGE
     
Architects   BOFILL, RICARDO
     
Date   1980
     
Address   ABADLA, ARGELIA
     
School    
     
Floor Plan   36000 SQ.M.
     
Description  

The special interested of RBTA in the urban planning problems of the developing countries, and the experience they had gained in the construction of housing developments was called on by the Algerian government, through the agency of France, to be applied to the construction of new centers of population in semi-desert areas where agriculture was to be promoted.

Their work culminated two years later with the construction of Houari Boum├ędienne Agricultural Village in the south-eastern part of the country. However the unsophisticated construction techniques and the absence of a professionally trained workforce prevented the completion of part of the project.

The composition of the urban nucleus on the basis of the combination of single-family dwellings offered infinite possibilities, which had to be limited and serialized in order to keep the cost of the operation as low as possible. The geometrical forms chosen, drawn from Arabic and Mediterranean traditions, made for a first grouping of two or three dwellings laid out around a courtyard to compose a block. A grouping of several blocks composed a neighbourhood, and several neighbourhoods, a town, with the proportion of built space to open public space being kept constant. A large central square, such as is found in all Arab towns, serves as marketplace and meeting place, setting for festivities and spectacles, and is the vital axis articulating the town.

     
     
     
     
     
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