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Name   National Theatre of Catalonia
Architects   BOFILL, RICARDO
Date   1997
Address   Barcelona, Spain
Floor Plan   22300 SQ.M.

The design for the National Theatre of Catalonia follows the architectonic tradition of the Greek theatre. The building combines two classic archetypes: the temple and the hemicycle.

The need for a set-building workshop, rehearsal room, a space for avant-garde theatre and other facilities prompted the construction of two separate buildings. The main building contains the 1000-seater main hall, classical in treatment, and a smaller 400-seater hall for experimental and avant-garde theatre.

Entirely glazed, the main façade of the National Theatre of Catalonia features a flight of steps for access than can be used as impromptu seating for open-air performances in the new Plaza de les Arts.

The main building is composed of three spaces: a spacious entrance hall, the seating area for the audience and the stage and its services.  The three spaces form a single volume under a metal and glass pitched roof with a 50 m span supported on two colonnades of architectural concrete. The glazed walls allow a view of the exterior from inside the plant-filled vestibule, which houses the restaurants.

The experimental theatre is on the lower floor. The area which accommodates the spectators forms a unitary volume within the great of the vestibule, like one building inside another. It has a pronounced slope for improved visibility, with the entrance in the upper part.

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